Goal 9: Industry, innovation and infrastructure
As a result of prolonged conflict, Yemen’s transportation, telecommunication, and service infrastructure has either been damaged, destroyed or eroded. In addition to the immediate financial cost, this has impeded human development, raised the cost of production and deterred investment. Transportation delays have affected the movement of critical food aid, and damaged water and sanitation infrastructure is directly correlated to the rise in communicable diseases.
With increasing in urbanization in many cities of Yemen, mass transport, renewable energy and growth of new industries and information/communication technologies are becoming ever more important. Investments in industry, infrastructure and innovation drives economic growth and development.
Promoting sustainable industries and investing in scientific research and innovation also facilitate sustainable development. Technological progress is key to finding lasting solutions to both economic and environmental challenges – creating new jobs and promoting energy efficiency.
Worldwide, 2.3 billion people lack access to basic sanitation.
In some low-income African countries, infrastructure constraints cut businesses’ productivity by around 40 percent.
2.6 billion people in developing countries do not have access to constant electricity.
More than 4 billion people still do not have access to the Internet; 90 percent of them are in the developing world.
The renewable energy sectors currently employ more than 2.3 million people; the number could reach 20 million by 2030.
In developing countries, barely 30 percent of agricultural products undergo industrial processing, compared to 98 percent high-income countries.