Goal 9: Industry, innovation and infrastructure



As a result of prolonged conflict, Yemen’s transportation, telecommunication, and service infrastructure has either been damaged, destroyed or eroded. In addition to the immediate financial cost, this has impeded human development, raised the cost of production and deterred investment. Transportation delays have affected the movement of critical food aid, and damaged water and sanitation infrastructure is directly correlated to the rise in communicable diseases.

With increasing in urbanization in many cities of Yemen, mass transport, renewable energy and growth of new industries and information/communication technologies are becoming ever more important. Investments in industry, infrastructure and innovation drives economic growth and development.

Promoting sustainable industries and investing in scientific research and innovation also facilitate sustainable development. Technological progress is key to finding lasting solutions to both economic and environmental challenges – creating new jobs and promoting energy efficiency.


Facts and figures

2.3 billion

Worldwide, 2.3 billion people lack access to basic sanitation.


In some low-income African countries, infrastructure constraints cut businesses’ productivity by around 40 percent.

2.6 billion

2.6 billion people in developing countries do not have access to constant electricity.


More than 4 billion people still do not have access to the Internet; 90 percent of them are in the developing world.

2.3 million

The renewable energy sectors currently employ more than 2.3 million people; the number could reach 20 million by 2030.


In developing countries, barely 30 percent of agricultural products undergo industrial processing, compared to 98 percent high-income countries.

  • Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and transborder infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all

  • Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry’s share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its share in least developed countries

  • Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, in particular in developing countries, to financial services, including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and markets

  • By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities

  • Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending

  • Facilitate sustainable and resilient infrastructure development in developing countries through enhanced financial, technological and technical support to African countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States 18

  • Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries, including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for, inter alia, industrial diversification and value addition to commodities

  • Significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries by 2020
Goals in action
SDG 6 SDG 9 SDG 16

Supporting Yemeni families affected by Aden floods

UNDP and our partner’s flood interventions were desperately needed in Aden and helped a suffering community maintain vital services, avoid diseases,…

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SDG 1 SDG 2 SDG 4 SDG 5 SDG 9 SDG 10

Searching for a place to call home

Amna’s situation has improved dramatically since joining the cash-for-work project that is being implemented by the Social Fund for Development (SFD)…

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Neighborhood is now protected from floods and easy accessible

Al-Nusairiah is one of the neighborhoods in Hajja city whose residents rely on daily work for their income to support their families. The ongoing war…

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SDG 1 SDG 9 SDG 11

Lahj: Village Cooperative Council paves much needed road

This small community-owned infrastructure project reflects how community resilience can be enhanced through community dialogue, while liaising with…

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Paving the road for safer access in Alkhaisheen-Lahj

Funded by the World Bank, UNDP has partnered with the Public Works Project (PWP) under the Emergency Crisis Response Project (ECRP) to rehabilitate…

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