Goal 5: Gender equality

Even before 2015, Yemeni women were subject to discrimination, both in their homes and in the workplace. Women are systematically denied access to jobs, are under-represented in public office, and bear disproportionate responsibility for unpaid care-giving and domestic work.

In the context of conflict, gender inequalities are both greater and more visible. One-fifth of Yemeni households are headed by women younger than 18 years old, and women and children account for three-quarters of those who are displaced. Conflict is also correlated to a rise in gender-based violence, which was documented 36 per cent more in 2016 than it was just one year earlier. And in times of economic hardship, girls are less likely to stay in school, more likely to marry early, and less likely to receive basic health services – including gynecological and obstetric care.

Ending all forms of discrimination against women and girls is not only a basic human right, it is crucial to sustainable development. Experience demonstrates that empowering women stimulates economic growth and development in all areas. Ensuring universal access to sexual and reproductive health, legal protection and access to justice, opportunities for education and income-generation, and right to economic resources such as land and property are vital to achieving gender equality and empowering all women and girls.

Facts and figures

77 cents

Women earn only 77 cents for every dollar that men get for the same work.

1 in 3

35 percent of women have experienced physical and/or sexual violence.


Women represent just 13 percent of agricultural landholders.

750 million

Almost 750 million women and girls alive today were married before their 18th birthday.

2 of 3

Two thirds of developing countries have achieved gender parity in primary education.


Only 24 percent of national parliamentarians were women as of November 2018, a small increase from 11.3 percent in 1995.

  • End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere

  • Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation

  • Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation

  • Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate

  • Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decisionmaking in political, economic and public life

  • Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences

  • Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws

  • Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women

  • Adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels
Goals in action
SDG 3 SDG 5 SDG 16 SDG 17

UNDP and the Republic of Korea Support Women’s Access to Justice and Health Security

12 July 2021 – Aden, Yemen: The Republic of Korea (ROK) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) are working together toward stronger…

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SDG 1 SDG 5 SDG 8 SDG 17

Vocational and Business Skills Training and Support Project Helps Improve Income Prospects for Youth

Sana’a, Yemen – The United Nations Development Programme’s (UNDP) Vocational and Business Skills Training and Support Project concluded training of 64…

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Building Resilient Livelihoods and Improving Protection Services for Conflict Affected Communities in Aden and Lahj

The Building Resilient Livelihoods and Improving Protections Services for Conflict Affected Communi-ties in Aden and Lahj (BRISCC) project aims to…

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