Goal 13: Climate action

Temperatures are rising more rapidly in Yemen than the global average with projections suggesting that the country will endure longer droughts and heat waves in years to come. By 2060, temperatures may increase by as much as 3.3°C, and by the end of the century by 5.1°C.

Yemen also has the planet’s lowest water availability per capita. Groundwater use has surpassed replenishment capacity, while cyclones along the eastern coast and the island of Socotra have resulted in flash floods, wiping away fertile top soil and damaging infrastructure.

Unless concerted action is taken, Yemen is likely to experience more frequent and severe climatic disasters, water insecurity, food fragility and land degradation. With approximately 60 per cent of the population dependent on incomes generated through natural resources – and most of the displaced persons originating in rural areas – crisis response efforts will only be effective to the extent that they address medium-term climate risks.

This goal aims to mobilize USD $100 billion per year by 2020, to address the needs of developing countries to both adapt to climate change and invest in low-carbon development. This will complement efforts to integrate disaster risk measures, sustainable natural resource management, and human security to national development strategies. It is still possible – with strong political will, increased investment, and using existing technology – to limit the increase in global mean temperature to 2°C above per-industrial levels. This, however, will require urgent and ambitious collective action.

Facts and figures


As of 2017 humans are estimated to have caused approximately 1.0°C of global warming above pre-industrial levels.


Sea levels have risen by about 20 cm (8 inches) since 1880 and are projected to rise another 30–122 cm (1 to 4 feet) by 2100.


To limit warming to 1.5C, global net CO2 emissions must drop by 45% between 2010 and 2030, and reach net zero around 2050.


Climate pledges under The Paris Agreement cover only one third of the emissions reductions needed to keep the world below 2°C.

$26 trillion

Bold climate action could trigger at least US$26 trillion in economic benefits by 2030.

18 million

The energy sector alone will create around 18 million more jobs by 2030, focused specifically on sustainable energy.

  • Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries

  • Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning

  • Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning

  • Implement the commitment undertaken by developed-country parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to a goal of mobilizing jointly $100 billion annually by 2020 from all sources to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation and fully operationalize the Green Climate Fund through its capitalization as soon as possible

  • Promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries and small island developing States, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities
Goals in action
SDG 1 SDG 3 SDG 7 SDG 8 SDG 9 SDG 11 SDG 13 SDG 17

Brochure: Waste to Energy

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SDG 3 SDG 7 SDG 11 SDG 13 SDG 15 SDG 17

UNDP’s Solar Hybrid Solutions Result in More Robust Health Response in Seiyun

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SDG 13

Infographic: UNDP’s Waste to Energy Plant in Lahj, Yemen

In 2021, UNDP established Yemen’s first-ever Waste to Energy (WtE) plant in Lahj governorate. Through this initiative, food waste will be treated to…

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