Goal 10: Reduced inequalities

Ongoing conflict in Yemen has reversed progress and magnified existing equality gaps. The economic gains of war benefit an elite few, while increasing the strain on the vast majority, whose incomes and share of gross domestic product have decreased by almost 60 per cent.

Income inequality is a global challenge that demands global solutions. It involves improving the regulation and monitoring of financial markets and institutions, encouraging development assistance and foreign direct investment to regions where the need is greatest, while facilitating the safe migration and mobility of people. Reducing this widening disparity will require policies that empower the bottom percentile of income earners, and promote economic inclusion of all – regardless of their gender, race or ethnicity.

Facts and figures


In 2016, 22 percent of global income was received by the top 1 percent compared with 10 percent of income for the bottom 50 percent.


In 1980, the top one percent had 16 percent of global income. The bottom 50 percent had 8 percent of income.


Economic inequality is largely driven by the unequal ownership of capital. Since 1980, very large transfers of public to private wealth occurred in nearly all countries. The global wealth share of the top 1 percent was 33 percent in 2016.


Under "business as usual", the top 1 percent global wealth will reach 39 percent by 2050.


Women spend, on average, twice as much time on unpaid housework as men.


Women have as much access to financial services as men in just 60 percent of the countries assessed and to land ownership in just 42 percent of the countries assessed.

  • By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average

  • By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status

  • Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard

  • Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality

  • Improve the regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen the implementation of such regulations

  • Ensure enhanced representation and voice for developing countries in decision-making in global international economic and financial institutions in order to deliver more effective, credible, accountable and legitimate institutions

  • Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies

  • Implement the principle of special and differential treatment for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, in accordance with World Trade Organization agreements

  • Encourage official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular least developed countries, African countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their national plans and programmes

  • By 2030, reduce to less than 3 per cent the transaction costs of migrant remittances and eliminate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5 per cent
Goals in action
SDG 3 SDG 5 SDG 7 SDG 10

Keeping dreams alive in the face of death

Twenty-six-year-old Mariam Saleh’s dream of becoming a dentist may seem ordinary, but her will and determination to advance her education and training…

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SDG 1 SDG 2 SDG 4 SDG 5 SDG 9 SDG 10

Searching for a place to call home

Amna’s situation has improved dramatically since joining the cash-for-work project that is being implemented by the Social Fund for Development (SFD)…

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SDG 1 SDG 2 SDG 4 SDG 5 SDG 8 SDG 10 SDG 11 SDG 15 SDG 17

Samiah: Caught between war and displacement

Samiah hopes for peace to prevail in Yemen and that the war will come to an end soon. She tells us of her story fleeing war in hopes of a better life,…

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SDG 3 SDG 10 SDG 16

Mine detection dogs: Defending Yemen

The project provides financial and technical support to the Yemen Executive Mine Action Center (YEMAC) as the implementing agency for all mine action…

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SDG 5 SDG 10 SDG 16

Women: Protecting the peace in Tuban

When Nusiaba heard rumblings of an armed group, she immediately feared for the safety of her community. She thought of those who were newly-arrived,…

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SDG 6 SDG 8 SDG 10 SDG 12

Coffee farmers: Restoring hope amidst crisis in Yemen

Mohammed was one of many coffee farmers in Burra who found hope in a business resilience project that aimed to expand production through improving…

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SDG 3 SDG 10 SDG 16

Saving lives of mothers and their babies in rural Taizz

UNDP launched a Private Business Midwifery Project, funded by UNDP and the government of Japan that aims to empower midwives to develop…

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SDG 5 SDG 10

Engaging women for more effective community planning

Sumaya is a broadcaster and correspondent for local public radios in Ibb governorate. Through her work, she seeks to have a positive impact on the…

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SDG 4 SDG 5 SDG 10

Bringing education to boys and girls in Abyan village

the Enhanced Rural Resilience in Yemen (ERRY) Programme, funded by the European Union (EU), worked through the AT Tamkeen Program for local…

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