6 Reduce child mortality
Where we are?
The fourth Millennium Development Goal aims to reduce mortality among children under five by two-thirds. Yemeni’s Under Five Mortality (U5MR) declined from 122 per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 78.2 per 1,000 live births in 2006. U5MR is expected to further decline to 40.6 per 1,000 live births by 2015, if the current pace of progress is maintained, which the target for Yemen. Infant mortality rate has decreased from 83 per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 69 per 1,000 live births in 2006.
The 2015 target for infant mortality rate is 27.2 per 1,000 live births, which unlikely to be met. This lack of progress is mainly due to increase of babies born from undernourished mothers suffered from acute malnutrition (WFP, 2012 Comprehensive Food Security Survey). Increase of poverty in urban and rural centres further exacerbated the situation. Moreover, Yemeni children under five years old suffers from wasting (15.9%); stunting (49.1%); and underweight (40.5%) according to National Social Protection Monitoring Survey of 2012.
The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Targets for MDG4
- Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five
- Under-five mortality rate
- Infant mortality rate
- Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles