UNDP supports a range of local capacity development initiatives that address implementation challenges. UNDP works directly with more than 20 central ministries and all 21 governorates and more than 100 out of 333 districts were supported in building their required capacities that addresses development bottlenecks and challenges geared towards achievement of MDG and national development goals.
Eight Goals for 2015
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
UNDP’s Leadership on the MDGs in Yemen
UN Millennium Campaign
In 2004, Yemen was selected among eight countries to participate in the UN Millennium Project, in which MDG Needs Assessment was undertaken to identify the financial envelope and ability of the country to meet the MDGs 2015 if the required resources will be made available. The MDGs Needs Assessment Country Report revealed that Yemen would require an investment of US$ 48.9 billion for a ten years period (2006-2015), and in the medium-term, Yemen is in need of external resources to finance the investment programs and projects, to sustain GDP growth at 5% per annum with higher volume of investment as well as high saving rate and more efforts to attract Foreign Direct Investments. The Country Report estimated that US$ 30 billion could be mobilized locally if the national planning frameworks are transformed to MDG based plan and the remaining amount of US$ 17.8 billion to be mobilized from international community (including the regional banks).
With a support of UNCT under UNDP leadership to the Government of Yemen a third MDG-based Development Plan for Poverty Reduction (2006-2010) was formulated as a follow-up to the recommendation made in the MDGs Needs Assessment Country Report for Yemen (2005). The review of the third plan revealed that actual recorded expenditure for the first four years of the third plan (2006-2009) against MDGs was US$ 3.86 billion, of which US$ 1.12 billion came from grants and loans provided by International Community to Yemen. This total expenditure of US$ 3.86 billion for the period 2006-2009 represents only 8.6% of the US$ 48.5 billion that was estimated by the MDGs Needs Assessment Country Report of 2005.
Yemen adopted the fast track approach to move near achieving the MDGs through more effective mechanisms that focus more on addressing bottlenecks which will reduce the adverse impact of previous policies and interventions. Towards this a four year (2012-2015) Fast Track Action Plan to accelerate achieving some of the MDGs indicators by 2015 with US$ 1.172 billion investment plan was articulated and approved by Cabinet of Ministers prior to the Arab Spring of 2011. However, due to the consequences of the 2011 political and military operations, the Action Plan was not implemented and was overtaken by Transition Plan for Stabilization and Development (2012-2014). Despite that the Transition Plan for Stabilization and Development (TPSD) has some goals related to the MDGs such as improving basic social services i.e. education, health, water and energy, Yemen will remain an off-track country as the limited interventions under TPSD will not much change the dramatic situation on the ground especially in the rural areas were two third of the population residence, of which 80% of them are under the national poverty line.
UNDP works with FAO, ILO, UNICEF, UN Millennium Project, WFP and WHO on a joint project to support the development of MDG-based policy and planning in Yemen.
Youth Economic Empowerment Project
Support to Elections during the Transitional Period
- Supported by the United Nations and the World Bank Group: Yemeni Government and partners validate roadmap to improve rural livelihoods and employment for women, youth and marginalized groups More
- Inside the five-star Movenpick Hotel Sanaa, in its large spacious halls, and vast marbled floors, some 565 delegates of the National Dialogue Conference are attempting to turn a intangible dialogue about the nation’s most serious issues into a tangible – namely a new constitution. More
About the MDGs
World leaders gathered at the UN Millennium Summit in 2000 and signed the UN Millennium Declaration. This document is the foundation for the MDGs, a set of 8 measurable goals for 2015 focused on improving human conditions around the globe
UNDP’s Role in the MDGs
More than sixty Community-based Organizations and Microfinance Institutions were established in eight governorates to address community development initiatives that geared towards reducing poverty and increase access to credit.
The process of preparation of four national human development reports since 1998, Millennium Development Needs Assessment (2005) and two Millennium Development Reports, as well as Fast Track MDG Initiative has been instrumental in supporting the Government and people of Yemen in attaining MDGs.