Early Presidential Elections in Yemen
Evaluation of International Assistance
The organization of the 2012 early presidential elections in Yemen constituted the first most critical milestone of the transition agreement signed on 23 November 2011 and known as “GCC Implementation Mechanism”. The preparation of this political event in such short period of time required not only dedicated technical, operational and financial efforts, but also a strong and sincere partnership between the Supreme Commission for Elections and Referenda (SCER) and national and international stakeholders. Without doubt, the success of the 2012 Presidential Elections, which paved the way for new legitimacy in Yemen, is now an important chapter in the history of this country.
In this context, it is with great please that we publish the ‘Early Presidential Elections in Yemen: Evaluation of International Assistance.’ The purpose of this independent evaluation is to assess the results of international assistance to the electoral process in Yemen in terms of supporting the Supreme Commission for Elections and Referenda and the February 2012 electoral process. The evaluation examined the quality, sustainability, relevance, effectiveness, value for money, coordination, coherence, implementation rate and involvement of stakeholders during the 2012 early elections period. The evaluation also reviewed the impact of the donor support programme on the task of enhancing democracy and transitioning to a more stable and secure Yemen.
This evaluation was carried out in 2012 by an international team of experts on electoral cycles. It takes into account the insights of representatives from political parties, media, civil society, national authorities and international stakeholders.
The evaluation report commences by examining the political context of the 2012 Presidential Elections. Its keyfindings relate to the quality, coherence and involvement of all key stakeholders during the elections, focusing on human resources, training and capacity building; procurement and operations; communication, engagement and advocacy; election monitoring; engagement with media; and engagement with political parties. The report then assesses the scope of international electoral assistance to the February 2012 Presidential Elections and offers recommendations how future international development partner support could be strengthened in terms of value for money, effectiveness and sustainability.
We invite all national and international partners to make use of the report findings in their deliberations and work. We invite all Yemenis alike to renew their support for the goals of enhancing electoral administration and capacities; continuing with electoral legal reform; and increasing citizen participation in the upcoming referendum on the constitution and future elections.
Finally, we would like to extend our sincere appreciation to the SCER, international development partners, all participants in the interviews and discussions, the Governance Team of UNDP and the three international independent consultants (Rafael López-Pintor, Margie Cook and Delphine Blanchet) who were involved in the conduct of this evaluation and the preparation of the report.